WeedWorthy News Network
Some people report a dramatic change after just one serving of raw cannabis juice, while others may take four to eight weeks to see full results.
Cold-press juices enable one to partake of the nutrients present in raw fruits, vegetables, and herbs that get lost once the products are heated or cooked. In a similar vein, consuming raw cannabis leaves and buds as a dietary aid increases the anti-oxidant and neuroprotective properties of this plant.
Raw cannabis can contain 500mg to 1,000 mg of non-psychoactive THCA, CBDA, and CBGA. In comparison, the same amount of cannabis once heated contains 10 mg THC. Also, as the THC in cannabis only becomes psychoactive when heated, consuming raw cannabis allows one to get the benefits of the plant in a non-intoxicating way.
In particular, raw cannabis appears to be particularly beneficial in treating inflammation and autoimmune disease. As reported by Project CBD, “Unheated CBDA and unheated THCA (THC-acid) both have medicinal attributes, but there has been comparatively little scientific research into cannabinoid acids.” Hence, while the anecdotal accounts about cannabis’s benefits as a dietary supplement look very promising, further scientific research is needed.
As with any other cannabis product, results vary according to an individual’s unique endocannabinoid system. Some people report a dramatic change after just one serving of raw cannabis juice, while others may take four to eight weeks to see full results.
For many decades THC was the most popular and well-known cannabinoid.
That has changed in recent years to some extent.
THC is still very popular, however, other cannabinoids have seen their popularity increase recently, with CBD seeing the most dramatic increase in popularity and awareness.
Google search trends show that CBD is queried more often than THC, and that has been the case for a few years now.
Interest in CBD is clearly on the rise, but what about actual use?
Cannabis is safer than alcohol.
How much so?
According to at least one peer reviewed study the cannabis plant is 114 times safer than alcohol.
In fact, the cannabis plant is safer than many substances that are common around households across the globe.
With that being said, that is not the same as saying that cannabis does not have any side effects.
The most lenient states permit consumers to purchase almost every CBD type irrespective of its source or intended use.
As of 2018, all 50 states have officially legalized the use of hemp-based CBD products. In the United States, governing officials initially classified CBD, hemp, and marijuana as harmful substances. However, recent medical insight encouraged federal authorities to legalize industrial hemp and CBD on a national level.
For routine CBD consumers, legalization may be good news. Though CBD-based products are manufactured and distributed throughout the United States, you’ll need to remember that each state has set its own rules regarding CBD use.
If your state allows its citizens to use CBD products, it doesn’t mean that a neighboring state has implemented the same rules and regulations. Put simply, federal laws are mostly for legislation purposes and will only override the provisions of state law in rare circumstances. With this in mind, pay close attention to any exceptions to the nationwide legalization.
Before answering the question of which states allow CBD and pinpointing what CBD products you can use, you should gain an understanding of how CBD’s source and intended use impact legislation. Studying the relationship will make it a lot easier for you to differentiate between CBD’s legal and illegal use.
There is perhaps no cannabinoid more misunderstood than cannabinol, or CBN as it is better known.
Once thought to be the primary source of the psychoactive effects associated with marijuana, CBN has an ancient tie to cannabis’ first concentrate, hashish, and is now being explored and isolated to provide relief for conditions like insomnia.
The Mysteries of Indian Hemp
When the United Kingdom assumed control over India in the mid-1850s, it was inevitable that the subjects of the British crown would eventually encounter and consume cannabis in one of the plants primal regions of cultivation.
The nation’s subsequent interest and concern in the plant’s resinous products led to the formation of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission in 1893. This commission represents the first major Western attempt at understanding cannabis, the humble beginnings of the path that with current social tolerance allowing for greater research and access, we now see being being freshly paved into an ultra-modern freeway.
In the years following the commission, some scientists were intrigued enough to pry apart the mysteries of “Indian Hemp.” CBN was the first cannabinoid successfully isolated from charas (otherwise known as hand-rubbed hashish) by British researchers in 1896 and, in 1933, was the first cannabinoid to have its chemical structure successfully elucidated.
New cannabis users account for one-quarter of all legal Canadian consumers, but many appear to be eschewing infused products originally aimed at drawing them into the market, according to a survey released Tuesday.
The survey conducted by Chicago-based Brightfield Group found that "newbies," or those who have only consumed cannabis since the drug was legalized in late 2018, made up 25 per cent of legal pot purchases in the second quarter of the year, a sign that the regulated market is garnering increased consumer interest in Canada.
A significant lure to the legal cannabis market has been the recent advent of cheaper products, better known as the "value" segment, which competes directly with the illicit market on price, according to Bethany Gomez, managing director of the Brightfield Group.
Other factors drawing in new customers include expanding product menus and increased familiarity with legal retailers, the survey found.
"These value products are much more approachable for new consumers," Gomez told BNN Bloomberg in a phone interview. "It's becoming an affordable indulgence for many of them, as opposed to something that may be a good product, but astronomical in price."
South America is becoming a new hotspot for changing cannabis laws, and international cannabis trading. One of the biggest providers of cannabis in South America is Paraguay, with much of its product being moved to Brazil. But it’s all black-market. Can the new rules change this?
Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America which is bordered by Brazil, Argentina, and Bolivia. While it has suffered a significant amount of civil unrest and wars, the country has been democratizing since the late 1900s. This too, has come with years of military instability, political assassinations, and other corruption.
Paraguay has about 7.2 million people, and is considered a developing country. For many years between 1970-2013, Paraguay had the largest economic growth in South America. Paraguay depends a lot on mineral production, which accounts for about 25% of the country’s GDP, and for about 31% of the workforce.
One of Paraguay’s big money makers isn’t on the books though. In fact, Paraguay is one of the biggest (if not the biggest) suppliers of cannabis in South America, spreading its outputs to Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay. While specific numbers are hard to come by, it’s estimated that somewhere in the neighborhood of 6,000-7,000 hectares of cannabis are grown, and specifically for the cultivation of marijuana (high-THC cannabis flowers). In fact, it’s estimated that 80-90% of the marijuana that gets consumed in Brazil, originates from Paraguay.
Some basics on Paraguay and cannabis
Paraguay decriminalized small amounts of drugs as early as 1988, allowing for up to two grams of cocaine or heroin, and up to 10 grams of marijuana so long as its for personal use. The law also states that people who are in possession of these substances, but have a prescription from a doctor, are also exempt from prosecution.
Paraguay’s National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD), estimates Paraguay has 200,000 farmers who depend on marijuana cultivation for survival. This is particularly true in the northeast of the country where the weather is rainier, and the plants are that much less accessible to outsiders. It is thought that approximately 60% of the cannabis being grown illegally is being done so in farmland or livestock pastures, or hidden within forests, or with other vegetation. Growing cannabis is necessary for many farmers who have no other way of making a living.
As reported by the Houston Chronicle, the city’s Forensic Science Center has devised a chemical testing procedure capable of differentiating between hemp and psychoactive cannabis. In June 2019, the law that defines hemp and ‘weed’ became effective: it distinguishes them from each basing on whether they are above 0,3% THC content. The maneuver, intended to serve as an added business safety for hemp farmers, created an issue at the prosecution level: THC content has to be proven, since this bill passed. And, a that time, Texas laboratories were not equipped to provide the analytical evidence that entities like state-licensers or prosecutors need to enact regulations.
Up to this day, state agencies were forced to rely on costly analyses services provided by private laboratories. This new testing method will be limited to the plants themselves, and will not be structured in a way to assess active principle content in any other form of cannabis products. The procedure represents the fruit of more than a year of work, conducted by two lab employees, who adapted a DEA test methodology in order to serve them in the differentiation between hemp and marijuana. Another peculiarity of this testing practice, besides working solely with plant material, is the fact that it accounts for a 0,3% THC ‘wiggle-room’, which should keep every party involved away from the risk of legal hassles coming from a false positive.
Texan hemp farmers, finally, can rely on the certainty that local law enforcement will be able to properly do their job and distinguish their operations from illicit or non-compliant ones, without the concerns caused by the lack of resources.
CBD is having a moment — a very long one, we should say.
The major non-psychoactive component of cannabis is everywhere these days, and in virtually any form you can think of. You can have CBD oils, CBD capsules, CBD gummies, isolate powders, topicals, vape liquids, and even pet treats.
There’s a lot of positive buzz around the health benefits of CBD when it comes to bodybuilding. Those trying to get into shape and build lean muscles are always on the lookout for new supplements that could boost their physical productivity and put more desired mass on their core.
In a world filled with testosterone, protein shakes, and a plethora of supplements, it seems that there’s still room for one more.
There is a decent amount of evidence to support the benefits of CBD for bodybuilding. From improved sleep and muscle recovery to better weight management and sharpened focus, this article will cover every positive aspect of using CBD in your fitness routine.
Poland’s Institute of Natural Fibers & Medicinal Plants (IWNiRZ) has launched a program aimed at lifting the fortunes of the agrarian nation’s hemp farmers while expanding the country’s international footprint through a wide range of research, development and new business activities.
“The dynamic annual increase in the scale of hemp farming in Poland is an opportunity to improve the financial situation of Polish farmers, especially small landholders,” said Witold Czeszak, who heads the Institute’s Technology Transfer Department, and is co-founder and manager of the new initiative, the Polish Hemp Program.
At the same time, Czeszak said IWNiRZ is responding to the needs of the global industrial hemp market, setting an example for effective commercialization of intellectual property rights developed at the Institute, which marks its 90th anniversary this year.
Working globally, locally
Supervised by Poland’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, IWNiRZ participates in a wide range of national and international projects, cooperates with numerous scientific organizations around the world, and carries out comprehensive research on the harvesting and processing of natural fibrous and herbal materials. That includes extensive R&D into machines for harvesting, and processing technology for a variety of whole-plant applications. The Institute is currently working with Polish farmers and innovators in developing threshing machines and a hemp harvester for seed material, and provides harvesting services.
Supporting Polish farmers
By offering farmers the chance to earn as much as 15,000 Polish zlotys ($3,800/€3,352) per hectare, the Institute’s outreach in the Polish farming community is creating interest among a young generation of farmers and entrepreneurs who clearly see the potential in industrial hemp. “It’s an opportunity for them to develop processing solutions aimed at producing all kinds of finished products,” Czeszak said.
We’ve all witnessed the epic expansion of the vaping market in recent years, with people of all ages joining in on the trend. It seems that no matter where you turn, there’s always that one a guy or a girl with a vape pod in any group of friends.
Well, the increased popularity has caused quite a bit of a stir in the vaping industry, and there are a number of changes on the horizon. If you just want to buy vape juice online, get a colorful pod, and join the community, it’s a perfect time to do so.
Here are just some of the biggest trends that all you vapers, and soon-to-be vapers, can look forward to.
Things Are Getting Smaller and More Efficient
Yeah, while our cell-phones have been getting bigger and bigger over the last decade, the vaping world has been hit by a shrink ray. Vape pens have gotten a lot slimmer, with some quite elegant models seen in the hands of Instagram fashionistas.
Going with a smaller size doesn’t mean sacrificing all the power, though, as these compact devices are real workhorses. They’re easy to carry around, they have a perfect look for those who want to be a bit understated and classy, and they work just as well as their chunkier counterparts.
There are as many ways to use cannabis as there are cannabis consumers. Unfortunately, most of those consumption methods have a major downside: They create a bunch of waste in the process.
Cannabis business attorney Sylvia Chi says the most concerning environmental issue for the cannabis consumer is excessive packaging, especially when you compare cannabis packaging to non-medicated food packaging.
“There are definitely better ways to do it,” Chi says. “There aren’t good ways to reuse or recycle; most dispensaries say they can’t accept used jars, not to mention all the other packaging. What are you supposed to do with a huge stash of glass jars? Make candles?”
Chi also questions the usefulness of recycling in general, as recent upheavals in the market have lead to more recyclables ending up in landfills.
According to a July 2018 report from the EPA, American citizens recycle about 34.7 percent of waste that can be recycled. The United States usually sends about half of that plastic overseas to be recycled, but as of Jan. 1, China stopped accepting foreign waste — thereby rerouting millions of tons of recyclable products into the landfill or the ocean this year.
Marc Stegeman of ProPharma Group outlines the factors business owners need to consider when moving into the growing European market.
The continent of Europe consists of 44 countries, so how do you navigate the regulatory differences across each region? More specifically, how do you navigate the different regulatory landscapes if you want to export your cannabis product to Europe for clinical trials or commercial purposes? Another thing to consider is withdrawal of cannabis products from the market. This has been a topic which generated a lot of publicity and this is something you would want to prevent, if you can. Therefore, we want to share some tips on how to safely launch your medical cannabis products in Europe to ensure you stay on the market.
Access to the European market
Should you decide to enter the European market, there are a number of topics you need to be aware of. The first decision is to define the product(s) you would like to sell in the EU. This may be dried buds containing variable amounts of THC and CBD, extracts, or even purified cannabinoids.
The second decision is how to distribute the products; this can be either done through an existing company which already has established contacts in EU Member States such as Germany, or by establishing a self-owned distribution centre. In any case, it is necessary to establish a company in Europe. In most EU countries, the application should be done with the national authority – the notable exception being Germany, which has both a federal system and different local authorities. In this federal system, the location of the company offices defines the authority responsible for the processing of applications.
It should be considered that the local interpretation of the legal situation for medical cannabis may differ among the various federal states. When expanding from one country to another, Germany is often the first stop for most companies. In any case, you need to comply with EU requirements on, for example, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and Good Distribution Practice (GDP); as well as local requirements or local interpretations of EU requirements. For example, the Netherlands may be seen as an easy access country due to its liberal stance towards cannabis; however, medical cannabis is heavily regulated by a monopoly of the Dutch government.
Though it’s not yet clear how the U.S. economic recovery will take shape, it is a certainty that the businesses that continue to innovate in these lean times will be best positioned to succeed as business normalcy, or something like it, slowly returns. In the cannabis industry, innovation takes on an even greater importance for the financial success of individual businesses and for the expansion of the industry.
“Not only is the cannabis industry still a relatively new one, but we’ve barely begun to understand all of the possibilities for what the plant’s cannabinoids and other components such as terpenes and flavonoids can do,” said Nancy Whiteman, CEO, Wana Brands. “As more consumers turn to cannabis for help with wellness needs, the industry has to innovate.”
Nancy Whiteman; Courtesy of Wana Brands
A culture of promoting innovation is nothing new for Wana Brands, which became the top U.S. edibles producer in large part because of its pioneering moves in the industry, first in Colorado where it was formed in 2010 and later in the seven additional states into which the company has expanded. The company’s trendsetting has positioned it as No. 1 edibles producer in the U.S. (according to BDSA 2019 Brandshare Report), where its products are known for quality, consistency and potency.
Innovation is not something that can be turned on with a switch, of course. Revolutionary ideas take time to implement, with results typically achieved only after long months and even years of R&D. Now, though, COVID-19 has upended that process like it has everything else in business, even forcing some companies to consider a hold on innovation research until the economy improves. But that would be a mistake, according to Mike Hennesy, Wana’s Director of Innovation
In an era when police and prison reform is consistently being called for across the nation, and when cannabis legalization is sweeping the country at a rapid rate, a former prison facility in Warwick, New York is being turned into a cannabis testing facility.
Now known for its prisons thanks to playing host to the fictional correctional facility in popular women’s prison drama Orange is the New Black, upstate New York is now looking to make the best of this old prison space by turning it into a testing site to fit the growing cannabis testing demand.
The lab will be strategically located near the state’s cannabis belt, close to the Black Dirt region in southwestern Orange County. The prison originally closed in 2011, and before that time, it was a youth reform farm where troubled youth could work with farm animals. After the prison closed, the town of Warwick got the land back from the state to establish the Warwick Valley Office and Technology Corporate Park. As cannabis rose in popularity, Warwick officials realized the need for a lab site to test cannabis in the area.
“We settled very quickly on a hemp development cluster in Warwick,” said Mike Sweeton, supervisor of the Town of Warwick, regarding the decision to make the spot cannabis-centric.
Kaycha Labs, the new lab that has just opened in the old prison site, is a 9,000-square-foot testing lab on the former Mid-Orange State Correctional Facility site. The lab officially opened with a ribbon-cutting ceremony this Monday and is ready to begin testing for the area.
A federal agency is seeking to add hair testing to the government’s arsenal of workplace drug screening tools, despite evidence that the process is unreliable and may lead to racial bias. The proposed rule change by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), which was published in the Federal Register last week, comes even though the tests have been rejected by the government several times in the past.
If adopted, the rule change would allow hair testing for workers employed by federal agencies and federally regulated industries. SAMHSA wrote in the proposal that “hair testing potentially offers several benefits when compared to urine,” including “a longer window of drug detection.”
Process Is Unreliable
But because the process can return a positive result months after drug use, it is not a reliable indicator of impairment. Additionally, studies have shown that hair drug testing results are influenced by hair color. Because darker hair absorbs more drug metabolites than lighter colors, the results of the tests can be unfairly biased against members of the Black and Hispanic communities.
The agency admitted the existence of “scientific evidence that melanin pigments may influence the amount of drug incorporated into hair,” noting that “codeine concentrations in black hair were seven-fold higher than those in brown hair and 14-15-fold higher than those in blond hair.” SAMHSA added that these findings “have raised concerns that selective drug binding with the wide variation of color pigments distributed amongst the population may introduce bias in drug test results.”
To address the inherent weaknesses of hair drug testing, SAMHSA notes that a second positive test via a saliva screening or urinalysis would be required to confirm the original results. The agency wrote that “this two-test approach is intended to protect federal workers from issues that have been identified as limitations of hair testing, and related legal deficiencies.”
As laws for cannabis use change, so do the laws that govern the particular cannabinoids that make up the plant, namely CBD and THC, and how and where they are used. Whereas CBD has already been regulated differently in many places, THC is often left with no regulation at all when it comes to use in edible products.
It has become more commonplace for CBD to be separated from the rest of the cannabis plant, and regulated differently, with the main reason being that since it contains no psychoactive properties, it shouldn’t be treated the same as substances that are psychoactive. With more recreational markets opening, and more food-based products hitting the market, the question of how THC is legislated in food is becoming more of a question.
First let’s take a look at CBD
CBD, or cannabidiol, is often separated from the rest of the cannabis plant, and this gives it the ability to be used in places where the entire cannabis plant cannot be. When dealing with CBD in food, this is how it’s currently regulated:
US – When it comes to the US there’s the ages old fight between federal and state governments. CBD is not legal to market as a food product or dietary supplement by the FDA. On the other hand, individual states also have the ability to hold their own regulation standards. As such, Florida, for example, added as part of its hemp program in January of 2020, that all parts of the hemp plant are allowed in food. The new law makes the stipulation that all manufacturers, processers, packers, holders, preparers or vendors must have a food permit, the process of which and enforcement of, are done through the Florida Department of Agriculture. Other states that have made legislation to allow CBD in food are: Colorado, Indiana, Illinois, and Texas, with California possibly on the way.
EU – According to regulation 2015/2283, CBD is considered a novel food with not enough consumption history to be legal as of yet. As such, it is forbidden to be marketed as a food product or supplement without proper authorization. This hasn’t done much to stop the flow of CBD products onto store shelves. The whole thing is, of course, confusing as the EU roundly allows cannabis plants to be grown so long as the THC content doesn’t go above .2%.
However, at the same time, food and drinks made from it, fall under the Novel Food regulation. Truth be told, there isn’t a legal standing for the Novel Foods act, but it’s generally used as law by member states. A recent application by the company Cannabis Pharma to produce a supplement for adults containing a daily intake of up to 130mg, could propel CBD to a ‘permitted food/ingredient’ status on the novel food list soon.
Just as the cannabis industry has grown at a rapid rate over the past five years, the grow room environment has also experienced significant evolution.
Growers are seeking to produce massive harvests and secure a place in the market, and in doing so are coming up against some major challenges associated with producing at scale.
This is a new frontier for many and a new field that requires different ways of thinking.
The “Secret Sauce” Mentality
One of the top challenges with scaling up cannabis production is the lack of standards in place.
It’s seriously hurting the industry right now by contributing to an information vacuum, especially as it relates to HVAC systems.
The GMO debate weighs heavy as more and more food items are being genetically modified in different ways and for different reasons. For the first time, GMO cannabis is being patented and manufactured, getting ready to hit shelves in your friendly neighborhood dispensary.
“A GMO, or genetically modified organism, is a plant, animal, microorganism or other organism whose genetic makeup has been modified in a laboratory using genetic engineering or transgenic technology. This creates combinations of plant, animal, bacterial and virus genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods.”
In terms of crossbreeding, the definition is “the act or process of producing offspring by mating purebred individuals of different breeds or varieties.” A mule, for example, is a cross between a donkey and a horse.
The ideas of crossbreeding and hybridizing have been around for nearly as long as we have, but prior to recent times, this included playing around with seeds to get the best version of a crop, or creating animals like donkeys. These days, herbicides can be directly introduced to the DNA of produce like soy and corn. As of right now, thought specific numbers are nearly impossible to lock down, approximately 92% of all US corn is GMO, as well as 94% of soybeans, 94% of cotton, and 75%+ of all processed foods sold in the country contain genetically engineered materials.
Proponents of GM foods like the idea that these measures are necessary, citing things like an inability to feed everyone on the planet without them, or other such nonsense that didn’t exist as an argument until companies wanted to sell their products. This isn’t to say that all GM foods are bad, but when herbicides are inserted into foods, it certainly makes me worry a bit. It’s great to be all futuristic in some ways, but maybe, just maybe, not messing with our food is the better answer here.
Of course, I’m admittedly not an expert in bioengineering, however I personally identify more with the side that says beware of mixing random genetics without understanding the consequences. Regardless of my personal opinion, this is a highly contested subject, and one without a definitive answer that all of science (and private interest) can agree on. It comes as no surprise that this argument now bleeds into the world of legal cannabis.
Research continues to prove what many have been saying for years: cannabis can stay in the system for a long time after the substance was used, and therefore cannabis blood tests are not a fair way to tell if someone has just used cannabis.
A new study titled “Residual blood THC levels in frequent cannabis users after over four hours of abstinence,” which appeared in the Drug and Alcohol Dependence journal, provides more evidence that alcohol can stay in the bloodstream long after a high has passed or after cannabis has been used. The study was conducted by researchers affiliated with the University of British Columbia, and then their results were published in an official study.
“Some stakeholders worry that current per se limits may criminalize unimpaired drivers simply because they use cannabis,” the researchers explained. “We conducted a systematic review of published literature to investigate residual blood THC concentrations in frequent cannabis users after a period of abstinence.”
So far, the study shows that if more than 2ng/ml are detected in the blood from cannabis use, they can persist for an extended period of time, so it’s not fair to look at that amount in the bloodstream and claim someone was recently exposed to cannabis, and it is certainly not fair to determine the person is still intoxicated.
Authors reported: “[I]n all studies where participants were observed for over a day, blood THC [levels] in some participants remained detectable during several days of abstinence,” with some subjects continuing to test positive for up to 30 days. Some subjects also demonstrated a so-called ‘double hump’ pattern “where their THC levels rose toward the end of the week after an initial decline.