Syracuse University is getting students ready for an emerging type of green thumb.
The university is partnering with a California-based cannabis education company called Green Flower to start offering students cannabis certificate programs in January, with the goal of opening doors for interested students to working in the industry.
The market is growing, and with more states like New York legalizing recreational marijuana, 77,000 new jobs were created in the field in 2020.
Green Flower focuses on three points of education: cannabis business, medicine and ever-culture, along with law and policy to help students navigate this booming trade.
"Despite the stigma from the past that still remains around cannabis, the industry itself has an explosive growth pattern that is truly unique and is going to create more opportunities, more jobs, more income and more taxes to the state than any other sector right now," said Max Simon, CEO and co-founder of Green Flower.
Getting a medicine to market in Australia, even a non-prescription one, is not easy.
Since early 2021 , the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has allowed the sale of low-dose cannabidiol (CBD) preparations over the counter at Australian pharmacies. But you won’t find any at your local chemist
CBD is a chemical found in the cannabis plant. Like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), also found in cannabis, it does have psychoactive effects. It can make people sleepy and affect the brain’s electrical signals. Unlike THC, it won’t get you “high” or induce other psychotic effects.
Setting high standards
In Australia, it became legal to purchase products containing low-dose (less than 150 milligrams a day) CBD over the counter after the TGA down-scheduled the substance from a Schedule 4 (prescription medicine) to a Schedule 3 (pharmacist-only medicine).
But so far, no product containing CBD has been approved by the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG), which is a requirement of pharmacist sale. ARTG approval means regulatory quality data on its safety, contaminants, microbial content, shelf-life and efficacy meet the TGA standards and is known and tested in regulatory grade laboratories.
The time and financial costs for drug development to meet the ARTG standards can be significant. Aspiring cannabis companies may not anticipate the difference between selling a product like cannabidiol compared to other products such as toys or clothing.
Cannabis-infused beverages are gaining momentum
Inside a small garage near Golden is another potential budding American success story.
“Apple computer started in a garage. Microsoft also started in a garage,” Keith Villa said.
“This location is exactly 10 minutes to the front door of Coors. I drove it for 32 years.”
Villa’s name might sound familiar. He founded Blue Moon Brewing Company under the Coors brand in 1995.
“My claim to fame is that I started Blue Moon Brewing Company,” Villa said.
Your body itself can affect how long you stay high. The speed of your metabolism, your height and weight and even your sex can affect how THC is absorbed into your system.
If you have ever gotten high and suddenly realized you have an important obligation looming in the near future, you probably asked yourself, “how long am I going to be high?” On the other hand, you may have a long plane ride ahead of you and are seeking a way to ensure you have a prolonged relaxed journey with the help of some THC.
“A cannabis high can last anywhere from two to 10 hours, depending on a range of factors,” according to Healthline. This is quite a broad time frame. There are, however, specific factors within your control that can affect how quickly you will get high and how long it will last.
One major player in how long you stay high is the method you use to consume THC. The way you get high not only affects how quickly you feel the THC, but it helps determine the duration of your high as well.
Smoking And Vaping
Smoking and vaping are two of the most popular methods of getting high. In addition to convenience, smoking and vaping tend to be a preferred method because the effects are often felt very quickly after consumption.
The research of North Dakota State University graduate student Emma Burt paved the way for an emergency exemption that allowed sugarbeet producers to control water hemp in their 2021 crop with an herbicide previously used on soybeans.
Peters, whose role with Extension includes weed control in sugarbeets in North Dakota, Minnesota and eastern Montana, for the past nine years has worked to control pigweed species, including water hemp. Through Peters’ weed research, which involved screening herbicides used for non-sugarbeet crops, he learned that Ultra Blazer showed promise for water help control in sugarbeets.
Ultra Blazer was a popular herbicide for broadleaf weed control in soybeans during the 1990s, Peters said.
After screening Ultra Blazer for use in sugarbeets , Peters turned over the project to Burt, who studied and reported on the results of her project over Zoom meetings to sugarbeet cooperative representatives from across the United States for about a year.
During one of the Zoom meetings Burt had with the sugarbeet cooperatives, a cooperative administrator suggested that Ultra Blazer’s label should be approved for sugarbeets, Peters said.
In early 2021, Peters applied to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for an emergency exemption of Ultra Blazer, citing the poor control of other herbicides, which rely on rainfall for activation, during the 2020 dry growing season.
Despite cannabis becoming legal in more U.S. states, there are still organizations that ask for drug tests. It could be a school, a prerequisite for a job or something else. For regular cannabis users, it’s important to know how these tests work and how to flush the THC out of one’s system.
Here are four safe ways to help a person register a clean drug test. Be aware that the more time a person has before the test to prepare, the more likely the approach taken will be successful. Of course, the best way to test clean for an upcoming test is to steer clear of weed.
This method works best for tests for urine tests to measure THC. Dilution is aid to work best when done at least three days ahead of time and basically involves drinking a lot of water. This increases urine flow, with the ideas being that will dilute the THC concentration in the sample provided. Some maintain diuretics like cranberry juice and coffee will help speed the process.
Since drinking copious fluids will make a person’s urine fairly clear-coloured, the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws reports taking vitamin B2. This will add some yellow colour to the urine yellow.
If a test is coming up, consider testing at home ahead of that time. Many drug abuse centers provide drug tests for free and there are also pharmacies, which sell home kits for drug testing.
Consider that Hobbits are peaceful, big on gardening and possess what could only be described as voracious appetites.
It may be a bit of a stretch, but a recent article on the Comic Book Resources (CBR) website suggests those smoke-loving Hobbits familiar to all fans of The Lord of the Rings may be opting for a bit of green in their regularly lit pipes.
The website asks: Is their pipe-weed Middle-earth’s version of cannabis?
That said, the website still sees what it calls some “wiggle room” regarding that assumption. Citing The Lord of the Rings appendices, CBR notes that the Hobbits “imbibed or inhaled, through pipes of clay or wood, the smoke of the burning leaves of a herb, which they called pipe-weed or leaf, a variety probably of Nicotiana.”
While Nicotiana includes tobacco, according to Gardening Know How, CBR suggests the use of “probably” opens the door to pipe-weed being something other than tobacco. Something, say, like cannabis.
Consider that Hobbits are peaceful, big on gardening and possess what could only be described as voracious want of food, what with seven daily chances to chow down from breakfast at 7 a.m. to supper at 9 p.m.
Don’t let flu season keep you from sharing your stash. There are safe ways of enjoying cannabis with loved ones this season without getting sick.
Making it through the pandemic without contracting COVID only to end up with the flu is a nightmare for millions of Americans as flu season gets underway. The risk of contracting the flu is even higher for cannabis enthusiasts who are eager to get back to their old ways of passing weed to their friends.
Unfortunately, the idea of passing around bongs and blunts is still risky. However, there are ways to share your weed without sharing germs. Here are some suggestions.
A great alternative to traditional methods of sharing weed with friends could be baking and sharing edibles together. There are numerous edible recipes that are easy to make and taste delicious. Making edibles could serve as a great way to catch up and enjoy each other’s company before getting baked yourself. The fact that sharing edibles is likely the best way to enjoy cannabis together without potentially getting each other sick is an added bonus.
Consider Using Personal Paraphernalia
It’s no secret that germs can be easily exchanged by sharing pipes, bongs and bubblers. That’s why during flu season, it’s likely a good idea to stick to using personal pieces even when smoking with friends. Fortunately, there are numerous pieces that are portable. This method is particularly fun when everyone has a different strain of their own to bring to the party that allows each person to try a new strain while using their own preferred piece. Additionally, smoking marijuana from pipes allows the weed to last a bit longer than rolling it, which means longer, more enjoyable sessions with your friends!
Vaping From Personal Devices
Similar to using personal paraphernalia, personal vaporizers can be an effective alternative to passing around the same bong or blunt. A lot of vaporizers on the market nowadays come with 2-in-1 capabilities that allow users to consume both concentrates and dry herb with them. This allows you to get together with friends and enjoy the sensations both concentrates and dry herb marijuana offer without the risk of passing the flu or other contagious illnesses. Another benefit of using vaporizers as an alternative to passing a bong or a blunt is that vaping can provide a different high which allows consumers to get a better taste of the strain they’re consuming.
A warning has been issued by a local medical cannabis clinic that it will ban patients trying to use what it called ‘underhand’ means to try to obtain ‘double medication’.
Medicann – which operates clinics in Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man – recently posted a statement on Facebook after what it described as a ‘potential issue’ affecting one of its clinics.
The company stressed that it was not acceptable to obtain multiple prescriptions from different sources simultaneously, and it advised patients currently obtaining prescriptions from the UK that they should not attempt to obtain one from Medicann until they were ready to switch to a local clinic and pharmacy.
A spokesperson for Medicann told the JEP that they would take a ‘zero tolerance’ approach to anyone who tried to misuse their products or services
The company’s statement continued: ‘Medicinal cannabis is a regulated medicine and as such, must be treated with the same respect and caution as other medication. Our expert doctors take great care in prescribing the right products at the right strengths and the right amount. For anyone to try and receive double the medication by being underhand is unacceptable and could result in patients being banned from the clinic/s. Our team at Medicann has one main aim, that is to support and help people access medicinal cannabis for treatment and care. We will not condone any form of abuse of our service and will take suitable action to ensure our staff and patients’ safety.’
Despite the statement not being produced in response to comments made by the police and Customs last week, it follows intelligence gathered by Jersey Customs suggesting that efforts had been made in the Island to sell drugs obtained by prescription to others. And although police chief Robin Smith said that they had received no complaints, he said he thought it was ‘inevitable’ that they would in the future.
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The Colorado Department of Corrections is asking the legislature for money to create a K-9 team that detect narcotics coming into state prisons
Prison staff had no idea what was happening when an inmate suddenly lost consciousness at the Limon Correctional Facility in May.
It turned out the man was overdosing from fentanyl that had been snuck into the facility on the Eastern Plains. The drug is an opioid said to be 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine.
The inmate’s overdose was fatal, and an officer who responded to help him was exposed to the fentanyl and became extremely ill. The officer was given Narcan, an opioid-overdose reversal medication.
“We are so, so thankful that the officer survived,” said Sherrie Daigle, the state DOC inspector general, whose office is tasked with investigating crimes within the state’s prison system and keeping drugs out of its facilities.
“It could have been just as bad as the offender.”
Numerous studies attribute increased appetite to a poor sleep schedule.
Having access to favourite meals or snacks is essential to any successful cannabis session. Most people are familiar with the concept of getting the munchies after consuming marijuana, but why it occur still remains a mystery to many.
But despite the munchies seeming like one of life’s unsolved mysteries, there are a few scientific reasons that can explain what causes it. Here are a few factors that help explain why people get the munchies after consuming marijuana.
The role sleep plays in promoting the munchies
Want to keep the munchies at bay? Then considering making sure to get enough sleep. Numerous studies attribute increased appetite to a poor sleep schedule.
According to a 2019 study, a lack of sleep can bring on the munchies in the same way consuming marijuana can. This seems to be because sleep restriction causes increased endocannabinoid levels in the blood that leads to hunger pangs, specifically for high-calorie foods.
“We found that sleep restriction induced qualitative changes in food intake, biasing choices toward energy-dense options, without altering total calorie intake,” wrote researchers.
CBD, or cannabidiol, has become more mainstream over the past few years, and for good reason. Clinical studies have found that, when administered correctly, hemp-derived CBD can help ease stress and promote life pleasure.
Hemp-derived CBD delivers this sense of calm with a negligible amount of THC—the psychoactive compound in some cannabis strains.* These trace levels of THC in hemp ( 0.3% by U.S. law) mean that it should not make you feel high.
But unless you've tried hemp CBD yourself, it might be hard to imagine what it does feel like. So, we asked experts and real users for some insight.
How CBD works.
Adam Perlman, M.D., MPH, FACP, the director of Integrative Health and Wellbeing for the Mayo Clinic in Florida, tells mbg that hemp-derived CBD gets to work in the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
"The ECS is an important physiological system involved in controlling and maintaining human health, and cannabinoids like CBD interact with the ECS at two known receptors: CB1 and CB2," Perlman tells mbg.
“I think people love my vibe over marijuana.”
Singer, performer and budding sensation Amalina reports that far from receiving backlash about some of her cannabis-related lyrics, she believes people actually dig her weed vibe. Recently interviewed by Andy Dosty on Daybreak Hitz, the Ghanaian musician was asked if she smoked. Amalina first laughed and then responded: “What a question,” adding what sounds like, “I prefer to plead the fifth on that.”
Amalina responds that she hasn’t received that criticism either now or in the past. “In fact, none at all. I think people love my vibe over marijuana, so I don’t get that,” says the artist, whose music combines several styles, including Afrobeats, Reggae and Hiphop.
We Party — representing Amalina’s fourth official single and the first time she has revealed her face in a song — includes plenty of references to cannabis. She sings about “ganja and booze, yeah, yeah,” “we don’t want to get too high,” “roll up something,” more clearly, “roll up a joint” and “I’ll show you the healing of the ganja.”
Pressed further by Dosty about the marijuana mood and weed words of the song, Amalina responded simply: “It’s a song.”
Signed with J.R. Music, MyJoyOnline reports that she says her lyrics are just a reflection of what is happening in society and are not necessarily representative of her own life.
Marijuana works best when done as a communal activity. Here are some basic guidelines to follow if you’re interested in getting invited to these kinds of things.
Marijuana is usually a communal activity, at least when you’re first starting off. While seasoned cannabis users tend to smoke cannabis on their own, there’s always that moment of having cannabis with your friends, making the activity extra special and something people can bond over.
While natural and organic, there are still some guidelines to follow. Once you know them, it’s pretty easy to become a good smoking buddy, and the type of person people want around once joints get passed around. You don’t want to be that person in the group who hogs all of the weed or worse, burns it.
If you bring edibles, explain what’s in them
If you’re hosting a party and have prepared some edibles, it’s part of your hosting duties to explain to everyone what’s in them in terms of dosage. You don’t have to get too specific, just mention if they’re strong, or they’re light, or, if you haven’t tried them, to explain just that. It’s also important to make it clear that there’s weed in them by labeling them, preventing others from getting high unexpectedly.
Do corner the bowl
Cornering the bowl is the practice of lighting the edge of it in order to avoid burning the middle of it and thus ruining everyone’s experience. By cornering the bowl you’ll ensure the person who smokes after you also gets a patch of green marijuana, which has better taste and will result in a better time.
Don’t ask the delivery person to stay
Getting weed delivered? Or maybe even your food? No matter how cool your delivery guy or girl looks like, they’re doing their job, and you’re putting them in an awkward place by asking them to stick around and join you and your friends. Don’t ask someone on the clock to stay for a session because you want companionship.
Luxembourg has been widely anticipated to lead the recreational discussion in Europe, but now it seems they may be giving up the lead.
There is a very funny thing about the European cannabis discussion right now, particularly as the news of the German decision to proceed with recreational reform has emerged with the formal creation of the next coalition government. Namely that promising reform while entering power is fairly popular, if not an inevitable development at this point, nobody really wants to go first.
That honor, so far, within Europe (beyond Holland) will almost certainly go to the Swiss, who are powering forward with the nitty gritty details required to create a new market as of next year. However, Switzerland is famously not in the European Union. And within such countries, no politician, at least until the German decision to proceed with recreational, has quite known how to frame such forward progress in formal statutes.
That reality has been made even more clear during the last week as Luxembourg’s government, which promised as part of its platform in 2018 that it would legalize recreational use by 2023, has just taken a rather large sidestep. Namely, the country’s first foray into this discussion will be in fact just to allow adults the right to self-cultivate four plants.
For all the hullabaloo, in other words, this is a dramatic twist if not anti-climatic development in a situation now fraught with the inevitability of reform (even if not in Luxembourg first).
Luxembourg: The First Baby Steps
What is so ironic about all of this is the fact that for the past three years, officials in Luxembourg have made it very public that they were “studying” the Canadian model. What has developed is actually far more like the Dutch (at least so far) if not the evolving situation in other European countries (see Malta, which allowed home-grow this year and appears to be actually on the verge of greater reform by the end of the year, not to mention Italy, which appears to be backing into the same thing).
The pandemic has resulted in a lot of health risks, whether they originated from the disease itself or by living through this stressful time.
COVID-19 has affected all of us, from the ones who caught the disease, to others who’ve managed to avoid it, but who have witnessed it nonetheless. In fact, according to scientists, the rate of one specific health issue in the U.S. has risen significantly since the start of the pandemic.
Published in the journal Circulation, a new study found that Americans’ blood pressure had risen during the pandemic when compared to data compiled during the three previous years.
Researchers examined data from over 460,000 people from all over the country, with an average age of 45.7 years, and the majority (53%) being women. The study found that during the months of April and December 2020, blood pressure increased significantly, particularly in women.
While the changes in blood pressure were minimal, researchers are still concerned, since a small change can have a big impact when it comes to our circulation. Prevention spoke with Luke Laffin, M.D., lead researcher of the study, who explained why it was important to keep track of your own blood pressure.
“Even small changes in average blood pressure in the United States population can translate in significant increases in heart attacks, heart failure, and more down the line,” he said.
It’s not easy being green.
Whether smoked, eaten, or merely smelled wafting in through an open window, cannabis enjoys a special kind of fame — it is used all over the world, it is instantly recognizable, and it provokes as much controversy as it does enthusiasm. This distinct spot in the human psyche is to do with the fact people have used the plant for thousands of years. Yet despite these ancient roots, we knew surprisingly little about its birthplace and evolution — then in July, scientists announced they had solved the mystery.
THE DISCOVERY — Research published in the journal Science Advances in July, 2021, traces the ancestry of Cannabis sativa. This is the species of the cannabis plant from which the most used strains stem — sativa, by the way, roughly translates as “cultivated.”
Beyond revealing the roots of cannabis, the study demonstrates that marijuana cultivation extends further back in human history than paleoanthropologists realized — to the birth of farming. Ironically, our avid cultivation of cannabis for our own use may have in turn driven pure, wild, ancient strains of cannabis to extinction.
Co-author Luca Fumagalli from the University of Lausanne’s Laboratory for Conservation Biology told Inverse at the time: Cannabis “is one of the first cultivated crop species.”
HOW THEY DID IT — The researchers first amassed a dataset of 110 genomes from Cannabis sativa strains from across the world. Then, they used molecular analysis and advanced DNA sequencing to build phylogenetic trees for the strains.
Arte Bella, located along Tucson's Historic Fourth Avenue, is one of the first businesses in town to encourage and allow the concept of Bring Your Own Bud — or "BYOB" — and weed-friendly events.
Following the Arizona Proposition 207, Arte Bella owner Jen Christiansen was quick to act on ending the stigma around the use of marijuana and opened her business along Fourth Avenue in early 2021.
The idea began back in 2011, when the original Arte Bella opened at the Park Place Mall, which provided art classes alongside adult beverage options.
Once the use of marijuana became medicinal, Christiansen began implementing a variation of art classes called Buds and Brushes at the 420 Social Club.
These classes focused on the therapeutic benefits of medicinal marijuana and artistic expression.
The Northern Hemp Summit encourages current hemp producers and processors to attend its two-day event. Individuals thinking about growing the crop are also encouraged to attend.
“The goal of the Northern Hemp Summit is to really be an event who are actively engaged in the industry or interested in hemp to learn and to network,” David Ripplinger, NDSU Extension bioproducts and bioenergy economics specialist, said.
Ripplinger stated that there are many producers and farmers interested in adding the crop to their operation, but there is a need for education before making the final decision on whether hemp is right for them. A general hesitancy is also very common for those thinking about growing the crop.
“As a grower, you need to have a market for your crop. In some respects, we do have a bit of a chicken and an egg issue. Hemp has a number of uses: CBD, fiber and an oil seed,” he said.
“For growers, they need to understand that you have to make sure you have that market. This is not a commodity like corn or wheat where you can take it to the elevator.”
The USDA recently made a major move forward in terms of crop insurance for hemp producers. The response is from feedback from current hemp producers. According to a USDA press release, they will be adding flexibilities around how producers work with processors as well as improving consistency with the most recent USDA hemp regulation.